We were talking about a deconstructed approach to to role play in Year One at my transition conference yesterday, so I thought I would repost this blog post that explains a bit more about it…
This week on my travels I was working with the Nursery team at Church Drive Primary. We were looking at lots of aspects of F1 practice including environment and set up for this time of the year.
The F1 space there is small, but perfectly formed! Kathryn and her team have worked really hard to make the space feel as purposeful and linked to children’s learning and interests as possible.
Even though the Point of Entry data is nowhere near complete yet, Kathryn is using her ongoing observation and assessment to make sure that the space is addressing any of the primary needs that have been identified.
One of the big areas that they are already working on is talk, language, social skill and interaction.
As a result Kathryn has given almost a third of her (diminutive) space to Role Play and Small World opportunities – both heavily linked to children’s interests as well as adult stimulus.
What I really liked about this space is that she has created a ‘familiar’ role play opportunity and then linked that to a completely open ended role play space that has been enhanced to reflect the preferences of the children and all of the interestting ‘stuff’ that is going on in Nursery.
The space allows for lots of really open ended play and mark making, but when Aidan fell over, the children’s love of a story was the prompt for a box of enhancements to take advantage of their interest. Kathryn and the team have also started a display within the space to explain their approach. This display will grow in response to there play.
When it comes to quality role play, many of you will know that I am a huge fan of a ‘deconstructed’ approach. Deconstructed role play can be truly amazing when done well. When done badly, it is just a pile of squashed cardboard boxes in the corner of your room.
deconstructed role play – where anything can happen!
My starting point with EVERY area of provision that we decide we are going to set up in our learning spaces is to ask 2 simple questions: ‘Why do we have it?’ ‘What is it for?’
Why do we have a sand area?
Why do we have a malleable materials area?
Why do we have a role play area?
Once you can articulate why you have it and what you have it for, planning for it becomes a much simpler task!
So, why do we have a role play area?
Effective role play ensures ‘Children can try out risky ideas in a safe universe. They can explore boundaries, make sense of their world and develop their own identity. Children are also really exploring concepts that are very important to understand’ (Anne Flemmert)
Through role play children are learning to understand very fundamental principles of our society and how it actually functions; what the rules and routines of more traditional things are. Role-play is vital because it allows children to revisit familiar and unfamiliar events whilst also supporting the development of a their imagination. Some of their role play will be very real and familiar (like ‘house’ and ‘dogs’) and some will be complete fantasy.
So a good role play space should allow children to experiment with familiar and fantasy every day.
To role play anything you need to know it well or be able to imagine it.
So, for me the question around role play is always ‘How many of your children live and work in a [insert role play theme]? This could be Post Office, Vet, Chinese Restaurant, Garden Centre, Travel Agent, Cafe, The 3 Bears House…the list goes on.
If the answer is less than 95%, how is it an effective role play space? I cannot role play what I don’t know or can’t imagine. Therefore give me a role play space that allows me to revisit what I know, follow my interest and expand my imagination.
deconstructed role play enhanced with hairdressing resources
It is hard to play dinosaurs in the Travel Agent – especially when you keep sending me out for using my ‘outside voice’!
As with all areas of provision, we need to understand any patterns of child development that are likely to show themselves through children’s play and make sure that we have provision in place to support them.
Some examples of the Development of Role Play (not exhaustive and not set in stone!)
12-18mths Self-pretend play
- Child plays at being himself e.g. ‘I’m going to sleep now’
- Child performs pretend actions on herself using real objects e.g. pretends to drink from a real cup
18mths -2 years Simple pretend play
- Child pretends by performing single actions on people or toys e.g. offers adult a phone
- Child can substitute a toy object for the real object (has to look similar)
- Child pretends to do things he sees the adult do e.g. pretends to use a mobile phone
2-2 1/2 years Sequence pretend of familiar events and beginnings of role play
- Child performs a sequence of several pretend actions in the appropriate order e.g. going to bed
- Child begins to play the role of another person
- Child now substitutes one object for another (still has to resemble real object)
- Child gives the doll a more active role in the play often real life situations
2 ½ -3 years. Sequence pretend of less familiar events with substitution of dissimilar objects
- Child acts out less familiar events e.g. hairdressers
- Pretending is action based. This can be physical, running not a huge amount of talk
- Child pretends with objects that don’t look like the object for which they stand e.g. a block becomes a person
- Child creates imaginary objects to support their play
3-5 years. Socio-dramatic play
- Role play
- Use of make believe instead of realistic objects
- Use of language to create make believe actions or situations
- Extended periods of play
- Interaction (at least two often more)
- Verbal communication about planning their play as well as talk
At this stage, child is beginning to collaborate together and play becomes personally orientated rather than object orientated.
How do children play in Role Play spaces
up to 3 years old
- Tend to act out themes of familiar events
- Are still dependent upon realistic props to get the play going
- Engage in play for short periods of time because they are still learning to negotiate and co-ordinate co-operative group play
- May not be able to develop their play into a story with a plot, a sequence of events and an outcome
- Need lots of real objects
4 and 5 years olds
- Are very creative and inventive in their play and develop their own imaginary themes
- Enjoy using open-ended objects
- Can engage in play for long periods of time
- Act out stories with a plot and play the roles of characters who come together to solve a problem or to produce some result e.g. kings and queens, monsters etc.
- Don’t need real objects as much
Therefore, the more themed your role play provision is, the less opportunity you give children to develop their role play skills.
Enhancement it the key! Create a role play space that is so open ended that it can be anything and anywhere depending on who is playing in it. Then add a selection of resources that are linked to something you are talking about (the post office) or something that is interesting the children (Frozen), so that they can be used as a teaching prompt as and when appropriate.
What does a good deconstructed role play need?
- A LARGE variety of boxes of various sizes and shapes, tubes, crates, baskets etc.
( If you just stick 3 cardboard boxes in a corner then this isn’t deconstructed role play and you will find that your play isn’t great and your boxes get squashed!)
- Plain paper – ideally on a large flat surface so that the children can create their own marks and drawing s as part of their play (also brilliant for developing mark making)
- Lots of mark making resources
- Fabric for den making as well as costume making
- Pegs, washing line etc for den making
- Enhancements – these can be representational items like blocks and fir cones that children can use for a variety of purposes and real items linked to children’s interests and any themes you are discussing like Chinese New Year!
- Adults who actively model and support play both real and imaginary.
- Children! Role play is about personal social interaction, language development, imagination, talk… so don’t restrict your role play to ‘4 children only’! If your role play area is packed and your jigsaw table is empty – that is telling you something about your provision!
The biggest barrier to deconstructed role play that I come across is the fact that some adults don’t find it as ‘pretty’ as a nice café with a gingham table cloth and a vase of plastic flowers, which is a shame, because in terms of educational benefit and potential for learning it beats a café hands down! (Plus you can always have a café enhancement box with your gingham cloths and flowers in it – having said that…don’t be surprised if the cloths get used as capes and the flowers as guns – because who wants to lay a table when you can be a Super Hero?)
Have fun collecting your boxes and gathering some good ‘stuff’ to support and expand children’s play and imagination!